Forgot Password

Sign In

Register

  • Company Information

  • Billing Address

  • Are you primarily interested in advertising *

  • Do you want to recieve the HealthTimes Newsletter?

Alzheimer's drug reverses damage

Elderly alzheimers patient
Researching a new drug compound on mice, Yale School of Medicine researchers were able to reverse the effects of Alzheimer's on learning and memory, the school says.

Yale School of Medicine psychiatry professor Paul Lombroso and others studied thousands of molecules, which could become drugs, in search of one or more that would inhibit the negative effects on the brain of a specific type of protein. In this latest study, scientists are showing for the first time that inhibiting the negative effects of a specific protein can reverse memory and learning deficits associated with Alzheimer's in mice.

Yale researchers are duplicating the research to see if they get the same results with rats and non-human primates. The hope is that they will one day come up with a drug that could be used to help treat people with Alzheimer's disease.

The protein, Striatal-Enriched protein tyrosine Phosphatase, or STEP, is present in the brain. Those with Alzheimer's disease have elevated levels of STEP in their brains. Inhibiting the negative effects of STEP can reverse some cognitive effects of Alzheimer's, according to the research published Tuesday in the Public Library of Science's online journal PLoS Biology.

Having too much of the STEP protein can interfere with synapses, causing disorders in thought and behaviour. The protein can keep synapses in the brain from strengthening, which is needed to convert short-term memories into long-term memories.

Lombroso and his collaborators looked at about 150,000 molecular compounds, narrowing them down to those that would inhibit STEP activity. The researchers examined eight of the most promising of the compounds for further study on mice.

The researchers had success with a molecular compound, or drug, they call TC-2153. The drug turned out to be a successful STEP inhibitor.

"This novel STEP inhibitor has given a real impetus now for pharma industries to look for additional STEP inhibitors," Lombroso said.

The doctor said he may not have the exact drug that will end up on the market, "but the whole process of drug discovery is involved screening many, many compounds and finding ones that are optimal for higher primates (people, that is)".

Copyright AAP, 2014

Comments

Thanks, you've subscribed!

Share this free subscription offer with your friends

Email to a Friend


  • Remaining Characters: 500